Posted in Entertainment, movies, news

Avengers 4 Arrives May 2019 and Has Some “Splain’n” to Do!

Marvel will release the 4th Avengers installment on May 3rd, 2019.  Although its title has not been released, fans are hoping it’s along the lines of “Our Bad!”, apologizing for the 3rd’s horrendous ending.

The previous film, Avengers: Infinity War left viewers with dropped jaws, and multiple cliff hangers that no one could talk about for weeks.

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Marvel Studios President Kevin Feige promises, however, that the 4th installment will have a definitive conclusion as “the best stories have a definitive ending to a storyline. That’s certainly what’s going to happen next year with Avengers 4.”  He continues, “The Universe, the world, many of the characters we’ve introduced will continue onward in unexpected ways, some of which I don’t even know yet.

“But bringing a definitive conclusion at the 22-film mark, and just over 10 years, seemed like the right thing to do.”

Ya think?  For 21 movies we fall in love with multiple characters and in one fell swoop they’re annihilated??? But there’s hope.  This summer’s Ant-Man and the Wasp spewed out lots of science with “Quantum Realm” being discussed half a dozen times.  Then Emergency Awesome posted an interview, reported by ScreenRant, in which Tom Holland (Spider-Man) appeared to spill the beans when discussing his and Benedict Cumberbatch’s (Dr. Strange) lines, saying “He has the most difficult lines though. He has to talk about so much Quantum Realm stuff. I just have to talk about, ‘Yeah, man, that’s awesome!’ So mine is easy but his is so difficult!”

But hold the shield….Dr. Strange dies at the end of Infinity War, as does SpiderMan…or do they?  All we see are dark ashes wisping around the air after they pseudodisintegrate.  Maybe they become Quantum molecules that need to be webbed together…..I got it.  They meet up with Ant Man who is stuck in the Quantum sphere and hit the button thingy to become large again.

Too easy.

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Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, KDWN, and iHeart Radio.

She is also a Board Certified Family Physician and Assistant Professor at Touro University Nevada

 

 

 

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Posted in Education, Entertainment, Health, news

The Science of Swearing

Having gotten in trouble my whole life for doing so, I thought it was about time I investigated what is “swearing”, why it comes so fluently and why we frequently choose to do it. So lets break down the science of swearing…..

What is the definition of a curse word?

Most dictionaries define a curse word as a “profane or obscene word.”  But I disagree with this definition.  “Profane” comes from the latin root “profanus”, or “unholy”, and Oxford Dictionary defines “profane” as not relating to that which is sacred or religious; secular, (of a person or their behaviour) not respectful of religious practice.  

But many of us who use these words when you say “I just stepped in dog $%&t” aren’t referring to religion in any way, shape or form.

“Obscene”, when defined by multiple dictionaries, alludes to terms of a sexual nature.  Again, complaining that you just stepped in dog $%&t has nothing to do with sex.

So I define a swear/curse word as one that society deems to be off-color and not appropriate in public and professional settings….a word that has plenty of other socially acceptable alternatives used during anger, excitement, or awe.

When was the first curse word spoken?

According to historians, the first curse words originated in the 15th century.  I’m sure horses were just as messy as our dogs.  But as you can see by my definition, curse words must have had their origin in caveman days as humans developed language.  Rocks were dropped, people slipped and fell, and some burned themselves on early fire so I seriously doubt that only grammatically acceptable words and phrases were used in times of accidents.

Where did specific curse words originate?

Although a good old-fashioned four letter word seems as American as they come, most originate from foreign sources.

The “S” Word

According to Business Insider, the noun nods to Old English scitte, meaning “purging, diarrhea.” And just the basic form of excrement stems from Old English scytel. The action, however, has a much more widespread history — Dutch schijten and German scheissen. The Proto-Indo-European base skie conveys the idea of separation, in this case, from the body.

The “F” Word.

 According to the Huffington Post, the f-word is of Germanic origin, related to Dutch, German, and Swedish words for “to strike” and “to move back and forth.” It first appears, though, only in the 16th century, in a manuscript of the Latin orator Cicero. An anonymous monk was reading through the monastery copy of De Officiis (a guide to moral conduct) when he felt compelled to express his anger at his abbot. 

“Ass”

Comes from the word “arse” and used as early as the 11th century when referring to an animal’s anatomy, and then later to humans.

The “B” Word

Having Old English and Germanic roots, the “B” word represented a female dog.  By the 1400’s, however, it became a “term of contempt to women,” according to Business Insider.

 

So why do we curse?

There are various theories as to why people would choose a word that may offend others.  Here’s mine:

  1.   The words are easy to say.  Four letter words seem to be the most popular and can be spewed out with ease when in pain or in anger.
  2. The words inspire an emotion.  When we communicate we need a reaction to what we say, and curse words seem to elicit some of the strongest of reactions, hence reinforcing our belief that we are effectively communicating.
  3. They’re weapons.  When we get mad at someone and want to avoid a physical altercation, we weaponize our words instead, inflicting as much verbal hurt and pain as possible. One rarely finds themselves in jail after launching a full foul word offensive.
  4. They allow us to rebel. If curse words are not allowed in a school, work or professional setting then our use demonstrates our autonomy.
  5. They convey meaning that other words cannot.  The F word, for example, is one of the most notorious and ubiquitous, with movies, books, and speakers having validated its use so many times as a noun, adjective, or verb, that it has its own character and conveys a meaning, no matter how it’s used, that society easily recognizes. In fact, it’s so notorious that the F word is recognized by those who don’t even speak English.

 

What are “fake” curse words?

“Fake” curse words are terms we use to convey a curse without acutally swearing.  Commonly used alteratives to swearing include:

  • Flip
  • Flipp’n
  • Frick
  • Dang
  • Heck
  • Witch
  • Shut the Front Door
  • Son of a Motherless Goat
  • Son of a gun
  • Dagnabbit
  • Beeswax
  • Holy shitake mushroom
  • Wuss
  • Pluck it
  • Yuk fou
  • Fire truck
  • Donald Duck

 

Is cursing/swearing ever considered “good”?

In 2017, a study from Stephens et al, from Keele University in the UK, found swearing to increase strength and power performance when working out.

Previously, in 2009, the same researchers found men who were allowed to swear while immersing their hand in cold water could maintain it twice as long as those who had to keep their language clean.

So if we perform better while cursing, will it ever become acceptable to curse?

Society seems to already accept many curse words, even on prime time television, a barometer we use to determine if a word is OK to say out in public.  However once we take a four letter word and “legalize it”, people will gravitate towards words that aren’t acceptable because of the aforementioned reasons.  We want to be rebellious and demonstrate our feelings in times of pain and anger.

So for those of you who find this unacceptable, I really couldn’t give a flipp’n cluck.…..

 

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Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, KDWN, and iHeart Radio.

She is also a Board Certified Family Physician and Assistant Professor at Touro University Nevada

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted in Entertainment, Health, news

Incredibles 2 Seizure Warning: Which Movies Can Induce Seizures?

Disney/Pixar may now include a warning for viewers that some scenes in their latest hit, Incredibles 2, may induce seizures at the request of the National Epilepsy Foundation.  Some viewers found the strobe and flashing light scenes to be potential seizure triggers.

What is a seizure?

A seizure occurs when there is abnormal electrical activity in the brain.  If the electricity doesn’t conduct properly, brain function gets disrupted. This could lead to convulsions  (involuntary jerking movements), loss of muscle tone, changes in senses such as vision, hearing and smell, loss of bladder control, loss of consciousness and sometimes stroke, brain damage and death.

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What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder in which a person has recurrent, unprovoked seizures.

Photosensitive epilepsy, in which visual triggers can induce a seizure, occurs in 1 in 4000 of the population.

Can Movies Cause Seizures?

In December of 1997, a Pokemon cartoon aired in Japan resulting in over 700 children to the hospital with ailments ranging from dizziness to epilepsy.  It was determined that the rapidly strobing flashes of red and blue lights induced this “Pokemon Shock”.

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A study from Prasad et al in 2012 found no increase risk of seizures with 3D movies than conventional television. They explain why seizures are induced here:

The mechanism in which TV and cinema movies trigger seizures in patients with photosensitive epilepsy is related to several factors including the light intensity, the environment and the frequency of picture frames per second. Normal 2D movies have a frame rate of 24 per second, which may pose a risk for patients with photosensitive epilepsy, but the light intensity in the cinema is very low and there are relatively a few reports of seizures precipitated in cinemas. In contrast, 3D movies project images at 48 frames per second aimed, by the use of coloured or polarising filters, at different eyes and resulting in 24 frames per second per eye. The polarising effect of 3D films may reduce the light output by around fifty percent leading to a reduced risk to trigger a seizure to people with photosensitive epilepsy. Therefore, the risk of 3D movies to trigger a seizure is around fifty percent less than with conventional 2D movies. However if provocative material such as flashing light is presented the risk can be as high as that for normal 2D movies.

 

Although there is “insufficient evidence” to connect 3D movies to epilepsy, researchers agree with the need for more study.

Which makes us rely on anecdotal, or testimonial evidence such as the tweet from Veronica Lewis.

“Risky Movies”

The following have been suggested on moviehealthcommunity.tumblr.com to have strobe effects or flashing lights that may affect one’s photosensitivity risk of inducing a seizure:

  • Incredibles 2 villan weapon
  • Ocean’s 8 – fast-moving trains
  • Solo, A Star Wars Story – laser fire and sparking electrical equipment
  • Speed Racer – bright headlines, racing cars
  • Deadpool 2 – gunfire, high-speed chase scenes
  • Hostiles -flashes from the gunfire
  • 300 – lightning scenes
  • Avengers, Infinity War – fight scenes, shaking cameras, laser based weapons
  • IronMan series – strobe and flashing lights
  • Incredible Hulk, 2008 – strobe lights
  • Ready Player One – high-speed chase, shaky camera, flashing lights
  • Tomb Raider, 2018 – strobe lights, shaky cameras
  • A Wrinkle in Time – lightening storm
  • I, Tonya – fast speeds, quick camera shots
  • The Cloverfield Paradox – strobe lights

Although one of my favorite franchises, some of my listeners found the Transformer movies to have similar issues with high speed movemements and strobe lights.

Many more movies are listed but the common thread are those with high action, high-speed, strobe lighting, storms, horror, and fast-moving race or fall scenes.

More can be found at moviehealthcommunity.tumblr.com.

 

Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, iHeart Radio and Board Certified Family Physician

Posted in Entertainment, Health, news, smart devices

Gaming Disorder Now Considered “Mental Illness”

Those who find themselves playing video games for hours on end may end up with a mental health diagnosis.  The World Health Organization suggested adding “gaming disorder” to its list of disease classifications.

But do those World of Warcraft, Call of Duty, Fortnite, and Candy Crush fans need to seek professional help immediately?  Well to qualify as having a “gaming disorder”, the WHO suggests the following guidelines:

  • The compulsive pattern of behavior has to exist for at least 12 months.
  • The behavior affects one’s personal life, occupation or health negatively.
  • Once the behavior negatively affects one’s life, the behavior continues or escalates.

They write: impaired control over gaming, increasing priority given to gaming over other activities to the extent that gaming takes precedence over other interests and daily activities, and continuation or escalation of gaming despite the occurrence of negative consequences.

They continue:  The inclusion of gaming disorder in ICD-11 follows the development of treatment programs for people with health conditions identical to those characteristic of gaming disorder in many parts of the world, and will result in the increased attention of health professionals to the risks of development of this disorder and, accordingly, to relevant prevention and treatment measures.

Why are we getting addicted?

Video games act on the pleasure centers of the brain, just as alcohol, opiates and chocolate do.  We get “rewarded” by certain behaviors, giving us confidence and ego boots that we don’t get in the real world.  We begin to prefer to be alone with our controller than outside being written up by a supervisor, or turned down by a potential date.  Colors, sounds, awards, level advancement is psychologically addicting.

How to treat a gaming disorder

Many times gaming disorders are accompanied by other internet addictions such as porn and online shopping.  The following are treatment options used to curb one’s compulsive gaming behavior:

  • Limit screen time to one hour a day
  • Screen time holidays, or only use screen time for academic, work purposes
  • Visits to the library to use encyclopedias rather than going to Google (avoiding online ads that could tempt one to continue playing/shopping)
  • Cognitive/behavioral therapy
  • Medications, such as Zoloft, that treat OCD.
  • Treatment of the underlying disorder…depression, anxiety, loneliness, etc.

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Some play but some blay….

Blaying is when one continues to play a level of a game despite being bored and disliking it.

Researchers estimate over 420 million people are addicted to the internet.  Smartphone addiction is rising exponentially as well.  These addictions many times involve gaming.  Hours are spent playing online games and levels within these games many times require multiple attempts.  If the level is not mastered, one is “stuck” on the level, but continues to play it in hopes the next level will be “better”.  This is all too time consuming.

Those of you who play Candy Crush know exactly what “blaying is”.  For example, you get stuck on level 2124 and can’t advance until you master that level.  But you hate it.  You keep losing and are really bored with the level.  But everyday you return to blayin the hopes that your luck will change and you can advance to a new level.  Eventually that level gets tiresome and you must blay your way through that one.

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Another example:  Advancing to a new World of Warcraft level can be so tempting that one blays for weeks until they finally complete all the quests necessary to advance.

Remember “Around the World” in basketball.  One shoots from  different markers on the court and can’t advance until they make a basket.  But some of us get stuck forever on level 3, and cringe everytime we miss.  But we continue to blay until someone wins or has the chutzpah to say “This is boring!”.

But the psychology behind it is fascinating in that rather than having a quitting mentality, the gamer drudges on.  But why go through such boredom and anguish?  If we can get to the psychological root of blaying, maybe we could be a step closer to fighting internet addiction.

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Another condition recognized:  Selfitis

The average person performs more selfies in one day than going to the bathroom.  We witness people take pictures of themselves on trains, in lines at the DMV and while shopping at Wal-Mart, only to re-expose us to their obsession on social media.  We can’t escape people’s faces with peering eyes and face contortions no matter what we do as we are forced to feign care and interest in what their expression is telling us while they are ordering a Big Mac.

We’ve all predicted a “mental disorder” would eventually be named for this obsessive and narcissistic behavior that haunts us every screen shot and follows us with every scroll……and now it has.  Two psychiatrists, Janarthanan Balakrishnan from Thiagarajar School of Management in Madurai and Mark D Griffiths of UK’s Nottingham Trent University surveyed 400 students who attended management courses at two colleges in India and classified them as the following

Borderline

One who takes selfies 3 times a day but DOES NOT post on social media.  34% fell into this category.

Acute

One who takes selfies 3 times a day but DOES post on social media.  40.5% fell into this category.

Chronic

One who takes selfies more than 6 times a day while posting on social media, suffered by 25.5% of respondents.

In fact, after the respondents were asked about their selfie habits, many took selfies.

India is a hotbed of selfitis and tragically boasts the highest selfie death rate in the world (76 cases out of 127 world-wide).

Selfies offer numerous incentives in our current social culture.  These include:

  • Cementing the memory in time
  • Being included in social media feeds
  • Preventing the “out of sight, out of mind” concept when it comes to relationships
  • Competition
  • Attention seeking, by hundreds of people at once
  • Manipulation of facial features and weight depending on lighting, filters and poses.

Think about it, if we want to look attractive, and show the world, we have unlimited picture and editing power.

Indian Medical Association President, Dr. KK  Aggarwal, issued the following warning:

A lot of us have become slaves to devised that were really meant to free us and give us more time to experience life and be with people. Unless precautionary measures are taken at the earliest, this addiction can prove detrimental to one’s health in the longer term.

What precautionary measures can be taken?

When any obsession starts setting in, will power must be utilized and boundaries set. However, when this fails, friends and family members need to be recruited. Assign one person to be your “selfie police” who only allows you one selfie a day.  You and he/she can pick the selfie, dress it up, crop it, spending as much time as you need on this one selfie.  Posting will only be allowed once a day.  After exhaustively creating your one selfie, hopefully you realize the futility of your efforts, and maybe you’ll skip a day, and then two.

Remember, “less is more” and your friends will be more excited to see you or your pic if they weren’t supersaturated with you all day long on their social media feed.

Let me know how it works for you, since I’m not ready to detox yet…..

 

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Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, iHeart Radio and Board Certified Family Physician

Posted in Entertainment, Health, news

Jackass Cast Plagued with Medical Issues After Series End

Warning: Graphic Content

The cast of the iconic series Jackass appeared, during filming, to survive each movie’s falls, projectiles, hoaxes, and body mutilations. Unfortunately many were not so lucky later in life.

 

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Jackass number 2 – “Fish Hook”

 

Johnny Knoxville – suffered a urethra tear in 2007 and needed to catheterize daily for multiple years to avoid scar formation

 

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Steve-O – in 2017 was hospitalized after suffering major burns from rocket fuel poured all over his body during a TV stunt

 

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Chris Raab, “Raab” – currently celebrating close to a decade of sobriety after battling addictions to cocaine, opioids and alcohol, leaving him at one point suicidal.

 

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Bam Margera – struggled with anxiety, bulemia, body dysmorphic disorder and alcoholism.

 

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Vincent ‘Don Vito’ Margera – the 59 year old uncle of Bam Margera died in 2015 after battling years of liver and renal failure.

 

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Ehren “Danger Ehren” McGhehey – In an interview with Page Six he admitted, “I’ve had many, many injuries from it — 25 surgeries including nine knee surgeries and three broken backs.”

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His tooth was lost, however, during the famous “ToothPull” Lamborghini stunt….

 

 

Ryan Dunn –  died at the age of 34 in an alcohol related crash the summer of 2011.  RIP.

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Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, iHeart Radio, KDWN and Board Certified Family Physician

Posted in Entertainment, Health, news, sex

Morgan Freeman Accused of Sexual Harassment

It’s not uncommon for older men to lose their “filter” and say or do things that may be sexually inappropriate.

Eight women have accused Morgan Freeman of inappropriate behavior and sexual harassment.  CNN reported that movie set assistants felt compelled to resist his touching their back, lifting one’s skirt, and unwanted comments regarding their bodies and figures.

The Oscar-winning actor allegedly made multiple women uncomfortable with his advances, which had been witnessed by multiple bystandards.

According to the Hollywood Reporter:

…a rep for Freeman provided the following statement from the actor: “Anyone who knows me or has worked with me knows I am not someone who would intentionally offend or knowingly make anyone feel uneasy. I apologize to anyone who felt uncomfortable or disrespected — that was never my intent.”

The Electric Company and Bruce Almighty actor is 80 years old. Which brings up the question, do older men naturally lose control of their sexual urges?

It was a common occurrence during my training and career for an older man to make a sexual advance or grab my behind while I was tending to their medical care.

Common behaviors that were once tolerated in older society may be difficult habits to break in this day and age.  Skirt lifting and commenting on one’s figure were unfortunately common pick up lines and acts that men would do to engage one of the opposite sex.

And if we go back further to caveman days, butt grabbing was an instinctive move to initiate sex (see below).

Hence older men may need to check themselves and be frequently reminded of the new norm that does not tolerate sexual harassment or unwanted touching.

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Butt-grabbing happens to almost every woman. Why?

 

The Butt

Let’s start with the anatomy of the derriere.  It lies inferior to the waist and spine and is composed of the following:  the pelvis, giving it structure; muscles (gluteus mimimus, gluteus medius and gluteus maximus) allowing it to shake and shimmy; fat providing the cushion; and skin to offer a place to don tattoos.

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Purpose of the Butt

So as you see from above, the butt is involved in a variety of actions from hip movement to pelvis stabilization to cushioning of the bones when one falls. However its main purpose involves sexual attraction and activity.

Animal instinct

Humans, by nature, are animals.  True, we eat with a spoon and fork, and know how to navigate Netflix, but according to Mother Nature we are highly specialized animals.  So our bodies were designed at the start to attract each other and mate.

Back in the caveman days, sexual positions were not as well choreographed as they are today.  There was no such thing as the reverse cowgirl.  “Doggie-style” or mating from behind was the norm.  Hence a butt needed to be inviting…round, soft and appearing to allow easy entry into the vagina.  Moreover, cavemen didn’t want to bruise their pelvic bones during sex, hence cushioning was greatly appreciated.

As with most animals, sexual activity starts with the touch of the behind.  Hence its instinct when a man grabs a tushee.

We’re attracted to round shapes

The human body is wrought with shapes…circles, triangles, ovals, etc. and these shapes exist for a reason.

Breasts are round and contain round areola allowing infants easy-to-see shapes so they can navigate towards their food source. Female pubic hair is naturally triangularly distributed creating a landscaped arrow for the mate to go.

So a round protruding tushee, lying beneath a curved and narrow waist, calls to the average mate because humans like round bouncy objects.  That’s why rubber balls are toy and sporting good store favorites.

 

It’s less intrusive than touching the face

Touching a woman’s face or breasts yields a much higher rejection risk than touching a body part that is behind her and not easily visualized.  It could easily be brushed off as an accident if a potential mate wants to save face.

 

So how can a woman avoid getting her butt grabbed?

Do what our Mom’s and Grandma’s do….wear a moo moo.  Older women have learned that if they hide the curves, the waist and their buttocks, no one will grab at their behind.  Avoiding short skirts, jeans, tight-fitting pants, and thong bikinis will hide the animal-enticing shapes.   Moo moos ladies….moo moos…..

 

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Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, iHeart Radio and Board Certified Family Physician

Posted in Entertainment, Health, news

Amy Schumer Hospitalized with Kidney Infection

The 36 year-old I Feel Pretty star was hospitalized for 5 days battling pyelonephritis.

As a result she’ll be missing the premiere of her new movie in London.

On Instagram, Schumer wrote:

Here’s what I’ve been up to this week. I was hospitalized for 5 days with a horrible kidney infection. I want to give a big thank you to the doctors, the bad ass nurses also my husband who’s name is, i want to say, Chris? and my sisters Kimby and mol who have been by my side the whole time. I wanted to share this with you because this is sexy as hell but mostly because I was meant to go to London for the opening of I Feel Pretty and my doctors have told me that’s a no go. I’m really disappointed selfishly to miss this trip because I love London and Europe in general and all the great people (food) there. But I need to put my health first. I am so grateful for all the support the movie is getting. I hope people check it out in England and everywhere else in the world. It’s sweet and fun and you will walk out feeling better. Which is something I hope to feel soon too.

 

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Amy Schumer is a cousin of Democratic Senator Chuck Schumer.

What is pyelonephritis?

Pyelonephritis is an infection of the kidney. The infection may start in the bladder as a urinary tract infection and then travel up the ureter to the kidney.  An infection of the kidney may cause swelling, preventing it from performing its duties of slowing the buildup of wastes and fluids in the body.

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Signs of pyelonephritis include:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Burning with urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Fever
  • Back/flank pain
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Chills
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • and more

Those more prone to bladder infections and possibly pyelonephritis include people with:

  • Diabetes
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Poor bathroom hygiene (wiping stool into the urethra/vaginal area
  • HIV
  • Transplants/immunocomprimised
  • Catheters
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • and others

Treatment of pyelonephritis may include oral antibiotics and fluids.  However some infections are so severe that we admit to the hospital for IV antibiotics and fluids.

This is a developing story.

 

Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, iHeart Radio and Board Certified Family Physician