Posted in Education, food, math

Percentages Are Reversible

Having had multiple math courses, beyond Calculus III in college, I never knew that a simple rule existed, this whole time, that could simplify our lives considerably.

Students took to online to educate many “slide-rule” users, that simple math exists.

A percentage of a number will also, in percentage form, be the percentage of the former……

hence…..x% of y = z and y% of x = z

So 50% of 100 = 50……And 100% of 50 = 50.

10% of 50 = 5…..and 50% of 10 = 5

200% of 8 = 16……and 8% of 200 = 16

0.1% of 3 = 0.003…..and 3% of 0.1 = 0.003

we could do this all day……but why does this matter…

Well many people need to calculate percentages on the fly, and stumble doing so. If the reverse seems to be an easier calculation, one could flip the equation around and get their answer easily.

So now if you want to impress your date and need to tip 20% on a $100 tab, quit counting on your fingers and ask yourself what is 100% of 20….

there you go…it’s a $20 tip….and you impressed

….unless of course, you forgot your wallet.

Great Gift!!

Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, KDWN, iHeart Radio and is a Board Certified Family Physician


Posted in food, Health, news, Politics

“No Mask No Service”, How To Avoid Being Accused of “Corona Discrimination”

Image from the Daily Dot

As states mandate face coverings when out in public, businesses find themselves between a rock and a hard place when it comes to executing their Governor’s orders.

Although legally a business can “refuse service” to those not wearing a mask during the COVID pandemic, negative publicity will pervade social media long before an employee/business owner is able to defend their legal right.

Employees on the other hand grapple with enforcing their employers’ mandate to ensure all customers are wearing masks while being unclear as to what is allowed under the law.

Guidance therefore is needed from our state officials on how to address these delicate issues.

For example, Zahur Abdiaziz, was refused service at Marissa’s Bakery in Minneapolis when she came in wearing a hijab instead of a mask. The employee behind the counter could be heard saying “no mask no service”, appearing to not acknowledge that the hijab was covering her nose and mouth, allowed within state guidelines. The bakery has apologized and the fate of the employee has not been disclosed.

Zahur Abidiaziz

At a Trader Joe’s in Los Angeles, an unmasked woman is seen in a video posted by D. Giles, being accosted by multiple people in a store. She subsequently throws down her basked and says, “I have a breathing problem, my doctor will not let me wear a mask. So anyone harassing me to wear a mask, you guys are violating federal law.” Allegedly she was wearing a mask according to a nearby witness, prior to her entering the store, and it is unclear why she removed it.

If issues such of refusal of service to one who has an alleged medical condition become legal battles, it is currently believed that this courts will allow the face mask rule to supersede ADA mandates to not discriminate against one who suffers from a medical condition, as the mask mandate comes during a public health emergency.

Last week, however, the Department of Justice warned employers of fake exemption cards, threatening ADA violations and fines. They state, “The Department urges the public not to rely on the information contained in these postings and to visit for ADA information issued by the Department.”

SLO County Public Health Department warns of fake face covering ...

However, employers and employees are unclear as to which decision they make could get them into more trouble, hence caught between a rock and a hard place.

Avoiding “Corona Discrimination”

Business owners/employers/employees

  1. Know the laws. If a mask mandate in your state allows age and medical exemptions, inform your staff and coworkers of these before an issue arises.
  2. Offer a mask if they don’t appear or have proof of a medical condition. Your offering a facial covering, and documenting as such, provides you some protection if the state were to inspect or audit a case for non compliance.
  3. Explain to the customer your need to show compliance to state officials if ever in question and if they could sign a small form documenting your request that they cover their nose and mouth
  4. Have signage before one enters the store and document photographic proof of such signs (in case one takes it down).


  1. If you do have a medical condition that precludes face mask coverings, consider having your medical provider write a note (without specifying any specific medical conditions) that you can show if asked upon requesting service.
  2. Consider carrying a scarf. Although not the most ideal for protection, scarves are allowed under most state mandates to be used to cover nose and mouth. They can be worn easily around the neck and so if a break needs to be made to breathe or cool down, depending on what issue you may have with a facial covering, it can be easily moved up and down.
  3. Consider having someone, who can wear a face covering, do your shopping or essential purchases for you.

Great Gift!!

Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, KDWN, iHeart Radio and is a Board Certified Family Physician

Posted in food, Health, law enforcement, news

Latest Attack on Police Officers Involves a Tampon

The LA Sheriff’s Department is investigating an incident where one of their off duty officers was given a frappuchino with a tampon in it after he used his police credit union debit card to purchase the drink.

The LAPD officer was at a Starbucks inside a Target in Diamond Bar and half way through his drink noticed the large cotton sanitary device. It is unclear if it was used.

Fox affiliate reporter, Bill Melugin tweeted the image, citing the incident.

View image on Twitter
Image from @FOXLA

According to FOX11, the Sheriff’s department issued the following statement.

“Walnut Station Detectives are investigating an incident of the alleged poisoning of food or drink at a local business. The incident was reported to have occurred Friday, June 19, 2020, at approximately ‪2:30 p.m.‬, on the 700 block of Grand Avenue in the city of Diamond Bar. The victim was a male White 36 years-old. This is an ongoing investigation. No further information is available at this time.”

This follows a report last week where three officers in the Bronx suspected their milkshakes from Shake Shack were spiked. An investigation, however, found “no criminality.”

Tensions between the police and the communities they serve have been rising not only in the past few weeks following the death of George Floyd but for years.

In 2016 a Subway employee in Utah allegedly spiked an officer’s drink with narcotics that resulted in him requiring hospital care.

In 2014, Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Officers Igor Soldo and Alyn Beck were shot and killed while eating lunch at a pizza restaurant.

Two Cops Killed in Las Vegas 'Ambush' - 6abc Philadelphia
Officer Igor Soldo and Officer Alyn Beck

For officers to avoid becoming the victims of food contamination or assault, many try to shop and eat undercover. However, with social media, one’s identity and employment is easily exposed.

Yet if a business promotes themselves as “police friendly” they could become victims of boycotts and looting.

The danger law enforcement officers face daily continues, even down to what they eat and drink.

Great Gift!!

Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, KDWN, iHeart Radio and is a Board Certified Family Physician

Posted in alcohol, Entertainment, food, news

What Do The Lines On A Red Solo Cup Mean?

No party can be without a Red Solo Cup. They’re sturdy, easy to hold, large enough for a good amount of spirits, and allegedly, “smart”. On social media, memes have surfaced defining each line with an actual liquid measurement.

However reports that the parent company of Solo Cups, Dart Container Corporation, cite the lines as purely functional and not a measurement tool.

According to Dart Container Corporation, the parent company of the Solo brand of iconic red Party Cups, “The lines on our Party Cups are designed for functional performance and are not measurement lines. If the lines do coincide with certain measurements, it is purely coincidental.”

Yet for those of us who have a mathematical or bartending background, we believe that everything has a purpose.

According to Business Insider, the lines signify the amounts for each of the basic alcohol groups….hard alcohol, wine and beer.

Although a shot of liquor is 1.5 oz, it’s moot as no one fills a shot to the lower Solo cup line anyhow.

But for those who are watching their beer intake, the 12 oz line provides some guidance. And for those who use a red cup for wine….well they’re just lost.

I, however, use my red Solo cups for none of the above. Mine serve a unique purpose as a cereal bowl when I run out of clean dishes at my house.

Great Gift!!!

Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, KDWN, and iHeart Radio.

Posted in coronavirus, Covid-19, economy, food, Health, news, Politics

Casino Restaurants Allowed to Reopen, But Many Won’t Be Able to…Here’s Why

Although gaming and casinos are still closed in Nevada, their restaurants have been given the green light to reopen with restrictions.

According to the Nevada Control Board and Gaming Commission, restaurants can reopen in the current Phase 1 if they follow the following requirements:

 The restaurant complies with the requirements set forth on page 8 (below) of the industry-specific guidance for food establishments, published by the Governor’s Office, found here (below).
 The gaming licensee must confirm with the Gaming Control Board whether there is a separate entrance for the restaurant, apart from any entrance to the restaurant off the gaming floor. If there is not a separate entrance for the restaurant, the licensee must articulate to the Board how it will ensure that patrons are only able to enter the restaurant from inside the property without
traversing the gaming floor.
 If there is no restroom inside the restaurant, the licensee must articulate to the Board how it will ensure that patrons may enter restrooms outside of the restaurant without traversing the gaming floor.
 The licensee must confirm that it will comply with any directives or orders issued by its county commission or health district that enact more restrictive measures on reopening.
 If a licensee wishes to open a restaurant pursuant to these restrictions in a county with a population of 100,000 or more, the licensee must provide the Board with a plan by which it will prevent customers from congregating outside of the restaurant prior to entry

Page 8 of Guidelines

roadmap restaurants

Although many restaurants are now working to schedule staff, set menus and adhere to guidelines, others feel they need to wait until restrictions ease up.  Why?

Many restaurants were designed to be focal points in their respective casinos, helping choreographic traffic around the gaming floor and advertisements.  If they cannot direct traffic to a restroom or their entrance without traversing the casino by which they’re built and deeply rooted, they cannot open.

Many casino restaurants are patroned by visitors, or those staying in the hotels.  Tourism has been severely affected by the pandemic and surrounding shutdowns.  Hotels are still closed to the public.  Many of these restaurants will then need to rely on local traffic.  Although locals do frequent casino restaurants, they have been slow to do so thus far with their neighborhood establishments.  There is no guarantee they will drive to the Resort Corridor for dining alone.

Those with outside access must keep lines from forming.  If their front door is street front, Las Vegas Boulevard traffic could be dangerous for some trying to social distance from others on the sidewalk.

With such short notice, food and supplies need to be ordered for an unpredictable  clientele number that can vary depending on coronavirus concern or reservation availability.

Moreover, work stations must ensure 6 feet of social distancing. However the average kitchen may not have the square footage to accommodate large areas between staff, unless less staff are on site. Less staff means less orders are able to be filled.


Maximum occupancy for onsite dining must be 50% of the maximum seating capacity, which means the restaurant’s profit margin gets cut considerably.

So restaurants need to weigh whether a restricted opening will put them at a loss or in trouble with the Nevada Gaming Board if they try to make their opening highly profitable.  Some will try to serve the public in an attempt to reopen Nevada but many will unfortunately have to sit this one out.


spanish book

Learning Medical Spanish is Easy!!!


Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, KDWN, and iHeart Radio.


Posted in coronavirus, Covid-19, economy, food, Health, Mother's Day, news

Restaurants Struggle to Meet Las Vegas Demand Under Phase 1 Restrictions

The second most common saying after “Happy Mother’s Day” this Sunday, was “We’re sorry” as multiple restaurants struggled to fill orders, or meet customer’s requests in under 2 hours.

A busy signal came in third place.


On May 7th, restaurants were told they could reopen May 9th under “Phase 1” restrictions.  These included strict social distancing requirements in both the kitchen and dining room.

However demand for one of the most popular holidays of the year overwhelmed many establishments, making customer’s ask, “How can this work long term?”

phase 1 restaurants

Issues restaurants had this Mother’s Day included:

  • Not enough employees returning with 2 days notice
  • Social distancing requirements in the kitchen
  • No self serve stations available
  • Restaurants could only seat under 50% available seating
  • Customers waiting to be seated, had to wait outside along with curbside and take out customers, while keeping social distancing.

So many ended up waiting in lines or in their cars until able to be served.

In lines, some became angry accusing some of skipping the line and arguments ensued.

Pictures of lines and reports of near-fights pervaded social media.

Low Business Volume: How do Businesses Survive on Restrictive Social Distancing Guidelines?

So volume restriction, employee distancing, and customer spacing created a not so profitable or celebratory Mother’s Day.

Still, it was welcomed by many, the opportunity to see Las Vegas begin to reopen. Hopefully next year we’ll be able to treat our mommies to a nice brunch or evening out….sitting next to them….



ultimate book cover final

Great Gift!!!

The Ultimate Medical Student HandBook


Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, KDWN, and iHeart Radio.





Posted in coronavirus, Covid-19, food, Health, news, shopping

Food Rationing Is Coming

Image above, ration coupons from WWII

Multiple grocery store chains have announced they will limit food purchases in light of processing challenges that have occurred as a result of COVID 19.

Food shortages have begun as factories and plants have been plagued with employee COVID exposure and poor demand due to restaurants, casinos and food venues not being open.

In Texas, H-E-B is adding beef, pork and chicken to the list of items that can be sold sparingly to paying customers.

Various grocery stores in Rhode Island, Nevada, Pennsylvania and multiple other states are seeing restrictions on types of food one can purchase.


Why the shortage if less people are eating out?

When shut downs and lock downs occurred, multiple food venues were forced to shutter thereby ceasing food purchases.  Grocery stores and food banks only had a finite amount of storage space for the redirection of the fresh food so much of it had to be thrown out.

Then this week we learned of 900 employees at a Tyson plant in Indiana testing positive for COVID. The plant was one of multiple who chose to close as a result of the pandemic to limit employee exposure to the virus.

This week Tyson Foods reported, “As pork, beef and chicken plants are being forced to close, even for short periods of time, millions of pounds of meat will disappear from the supply chain.”

If employees are exposed or furloughed they cannot return to the plant, decreasing production. If the plant has sustained losses and needs to maintain social distancing rules, their production will decrease even more.

And with the anticipation that demand will sink due to restaurants given new guidelines on capacity maximums once they are allowed to reopen, supply production may not be able to be implemented quickly enough to meet an uncertain future demand as Americans hesitantly leave their “shelter-in-places.”

A representative from Kroger told MSN that “There is plenty of protein in the supply chain. However, some processors are experiencing challenges.”

Encouraging more people to reach for fish or a vegetable….now that’s a challenge!

Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, KDWN, iHeart Radio and Board Certified Family Physician



Posted in coronavirus, Covid-19, Employment, food, Health, news

Constipation Cases Explode During Lockdown

Whether we teach, bartend, or greet customers, many of us stand and move around for a living.  However with state-wide shutdowns due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many of us have been furloughed, finding ourselves sitting at our home computer or on our couch for much of the day.

Moreover our diet has changed. From the morning cup of coffee to the salad in the break room, we had a routine that our bowels acclimated to and learned to go with the flow. Now that we may sleep in, skip our morning coffee and eat more snacks around the house, intestines look at this new sludge with confusion.

“Quarantine Constipation” is real and many Americans are finding their stools to not pass so easily.  Here’s the breakdown on constipation.

What is constipation?

Constipation is a decrease in frequency of bowel movements or difficulty passing stool that persists longer than one’s normal bowel movement cycle.  In general, less than three bowel movements a week could be considered constipation. 20-30% of the US population suffers from constipation and this percentage increases in those who are elderly or confined to medical facilities. Some people have hard stools that are difficult to pass with normal motility, whereas others have soft stool but poor motility.

What causes constipation?

A variety of factors could be the culprit. These include:

  • Lack of water
  • Lack of fiber in one’s diet
  • Certain foods in one’s diet such as cheese, diary, fat, gluten, those high in meat
  • Caffeine
  • Hypothyroid
  • Stress
  • Lack of exercise
  • Frequent sitting
  • Pregnancy
  • Hormone fluctuations
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Cancer
  • Laxative abuse
  • Eating disorders
  • Medications such as narcotics, antidepressants, iron supplements

Constipation should never be ignored………

Stand-Up Desks Help You Poop

Why does sitting cause constipation?



Most of us who work standing up or use a stand-up desk can attest to the fact that we seem to get a thumbs up from our colon.  In fact some of us will even admit we suffer from less constipation than our 90 degree angle sitt’n brethren.


Sitting may impede flow, flow that occurs hours before one needs to empty his bowels.  And not only do angles play a part in this but when one sits, their abdominal cavity shrinks, as opposed to stretching when standing up.  An individual who is standing allows more volume of abdominal room for the colon to work.

Additionally, pressure from sitting and the chair may cause undue pressure on the lower colon.  If you think back to high school physics, pressure has to be less at the destination of flow.  True, mass and density can vary based on poop amount but even NASA gets it (see below).



….where “choke” is the act of sitting.

Even in basic terms, our caveman forefathers and mothers realized that standing made an easier bowel evacuation, (standing and squatting even easier).  So 2020 humans may need to go old school, doing less sitting and more standing.


What should our stool look like?

When someone is constipated, the stool is not moving through the colon as quickly as it should.  The more hours and days it sits in the colon, the more water is absorbed. So the stool churns and churns becoming dryer, smaller and harder.  So pebbles or rock-like stool is a sign of constipation.  Conversely, as in diarrhea, stool has not been processed by the colon properly, water has not been absorbed and thus it appears very soft or liquid-like. This puts one at risk of dehydration. Therefore healthy stool is a happy medium.

Using the Bristol Stool Chart, the ideal stool would be in the shapes of Type 4 and 5.




What should I do if I’m constipated?

First drink more water. Secondly look at your diet and see if you have any offending agents such as dairy or fried foods.  Thirdly, exercise and get off the couch (as discussed previously). Fourthly, visit your medical provider for an evaluation.  Finally, try and relax.  Many of us have difficulty pooping because we are stressed or on a time crunch.  Your body doesn’t care if you have a Zoom meeting in 5 minutes.  The body likes to relax when it relieves itself so grab a magazine, or my blog, and take some time out of your day to poop.  Sometimes we need to stop and smell the roses……


ultimate book cover final

Great Gift!!!

The Ultimate Medical Student HandBook

Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, KDWN, iHeart Radio and Board Certified Family Physician

Posted in coronavirus, Covid-19, economy, food, Health, news

COVID-19 Crisis – Ways YOU Can HELP

What began as a viral outbreak in China has now turned into a multi-faceted crisis around the world.  In addition to thousands dying from the deadly virus we have unemployment, poor health care access, and with shutdown/lockdown orders, risk of depression, anxiety, addiction relapses, obesity, and isolation to name a few.

Many want to help, but feel they can’t due to “stay-at-home orders” or financial strain.  So depending on your current situation, here is a wide range of ways we can help eachother throughout this crisis.


Food Bank Assistance


Food banks across the country are struggling to meet the needs of local grumbling tummies.  In addition to homeless and undeserved populations they regularly serve, now millions more have lined up at distribution centers needing food and supplies.

Feeding America Food Bank Network projects they will need an additional $1.4 billion dollars over the next 6 months to supply food to the hungry.

Southern Nevada’s Feeding America partner, Three Square, has been supplying local residents 1.3 million pounds of food a week.

$5 can help feed a family, so a fundraising page has been set up to help Three Square here.

Feeding America has a secure donation page found here.

Canned Food Drive/Food Collection

canned food drive.jpg

If you can’t donate money to your local food bank, organizing a neighborhood food collection with social distancing measures can be easy.

Designate a garage as a drop off site, for example, and neighbors can schedule drive up drop offs.  Food must be packaged and bagged, with the bag only being touched once clean gloves are warn, and recipients of the drop off locations wear gloves when bringing in the bags to the storage destination.

Clothing Drive

clothing drive.jpg

The same holds true with clothing. While we’re home on lock down, find rarely used clothes or goods that could help a family in need.  Hold a neighborhood or church collection and arrange for pick up or drop off with your local charity, even if its after the lock down.

Salvation Army is serving the needs of not only the hungry but also providing hydration and snacks to first responders.  Donations can be made here.

Blood Donation

The need for blood has jumped exponentially, and many have been unable to hold drives or regularly donate blood and platelets.  Your blood donation can save up to 3 lives and is easy to do, even under lock down measures.  Local blood banks take social distancing into account and offer easy and comfortable ways for you to give your lifesaving donation.

blood april 1

To make an appointment visit Vitalant, American Red Cross, or your local blood bank.

Help a Senior

Many seniors are at high risk for COVID-19, so getting groceries or prescriptions at their pharmacy could be scary and dangerous.  If you are not ill and have clean gloves and a mask, you may be able to help get essential items others can’t.



Phone/Text a Friend

Being isolated can wear anyone down, and hearing the voice of a friend can turn a gloomy day bright.  Use our “social distancing” time to enhance bonds instead.


Keep Those Funny Posts Com’n

Many of you are under-credited with the amount of cheer you share with your humorous social media posts. I can honestly say I smile each day when I go online and see a funny meme posted on Facebook. So keep it up, it’s very much appreciated!



Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, KDWN, and iHeart Radio.

Posted in coronavirus, Covid-19, food, Health, news

Food Flying Off the Shelves? Alternatives to Buy In Case of a “LockDown”

Lines and crowds pervade most food stores, and after you’ve patiently waited 2 hours, you’re disappointed to find 99% of your shopping list for fresh foods completely unavailable.  Well before you turn around and plan on intermittent fasting, consider buying some of these:




  • Frozen Turkey, Fish, Chicken, Beef
  • Canned Tuna
  • Sardines
  • Canned Salmon
  • Eggs
  • Peanut Butter (if no allergies in the family)
  • Jerky
  • Edamame
  • Yogurt
  • Cottage Cheese
  • Nuts
  • Chia Seeds
  • Tofu
  • Oats
  • Granola
  • Cereal
  • Pasta
  • Rice
  • Beans
  • Potatoes
  • Legumes
  • Soups
  • Frozen dinners
  • Frozen vegetables and fruits (if fresh is not available)
  • Snacks (crackers, chips, cookies, etc.)
  • Vitamins




  • Canned juices
  • Drink mixes
  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Hot Chocolate
  • Milk (if fresh not available – dried/dehydrated)
  • Water (if bottles not available – buy filters)



Personal Hygiene

  • Toilet Paper
  • Kleenex – can substitute for toilet paper
  • Gauze/bandages
  • Feminine hygiene products
  • Diapers
  • Soap/Shampoo
  • Deodorant
  • Sanitizer or alcohol based products
  • Razors
  • Toothbrushes
  • Toothpaste
  • Shampoo


Even with internet and streaming services, grownups and kids need to take a break from electronics. So consider purchasing these….

  • Books
  • Board Games
  • Crayons
  • Paper
  • Pens, Markers, Pencils
  • Puzzles
  • Model Kits
  • Toys
  • Music
  • Deck of cards
  • Home improvement items (You’ll be stuck home, might as well complete what you’ve never finished….)


These lists obviously don’t include everything you would need during a lockdown, but know you have other options if the obvious popular items have been gobbled up……


Daliah Wachs, MD, FAAFP is a nationally syndicated radio personality on GCN Network, KDWN, iHeart Radio and is Board Certified Family Physician