The CDC reports 3.4 million Americans suffer from epilepsy based on their 2015 data. This number rose from 2.3 million in 2010. 470,000 of these cases are children.
According to their website, the CDC reports 1.2% of the population suffers from “active epilepsy”. Active epilepsy is defined in adults as those having one or more seizures in the past year and requiring medication daily to control them. In children it means they currently have a seizure disorder.
The exact explanation for the rise in cases is unclear, however population growth and improved testing as been cited.
What is a seizure?
A seizure occurs when there is abnormal electrical activity in the brain. If the electricity doesn’t conduct properly, brain function gets disrupted. This could lead to convulsions (involuntary jerking movements), loss of muscle tone, changes in senses such as vision, hearing and smell, loss of bladder control, loss of consciousness and sometimes stroke, brain damage and death.
Epilepsy and seizures can be caused by a multitude of factors including genetics, brain trauma, tumors, infection, damage during birth, and stroke.
Can cell phones cause seizures?
Data has been limited linking seizure activity to cell phone use. However, some studies have found a modest link.
In 2016, Kouchaki et al tested mobile phone radiation in mice and concluded “continued and prolonged contact with the mobile phone radiation might increase the risk of seizure attacks and should be limited.”
Also in 2016, a study published in Epilepsy and Behavior by Tatum et al found texting to induce a “new type of brain rhythm”.
In 2013, Cinar et al examined the effects of electromagnetic waves (EMWs) on humans and suggested the following, “acute exposure to EMW may facilitate epileptic seizures, which may be independent of EMW exposure time. This information might be important for patients with epilepsy. Further studies are needed.”
In 2006, Ferreri et al found mobile phone “emissions” to increase human brain excitability, implying this could affect those with epilepsy.
More research therefore needs to be done investigating why epilepsy cases are on the rise and if cell phone radiation plays any role.